Legendary Chinese philosopher who is said to have lived in the 6th century BC. Depending on the transcription, the name is also written Laotse, Lao-Tse, Laudse or Lao-tzu.

Laozi is considered to be the founder of Daoism (Taoism). He is credited with the Daodejing, the main work of Daoism, which was probably written in the 4th century BC.

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Large Intestine (LI)

In no2DO  trigram Gen, the mountain, is associated with the functional circuit large intestine (LI). The elimination of waste – not only in the material realm, but also emotions, thoughts, relationships, etc. – is its subject. Everything that has become worthless for us has to be excreted, because only when the unusable parts compost back into earth, they transform into new fertilizer, prequisit for change and new growth.

Read more: Citations regarding the Functional Circuit Large Intestine
Read more: Trigrams, Elements, Functional Circuits

Li Shizhen

Chinese doctor and naturalist (1518-1593). Li Shizhen wrote numerous medical textbooks, three of which are preserved:

  • Běn Cǎo Gāng Mù本草綱目 (“Compendium of Materia Medica”)
  • Bīn Hú Mài Xué瀕湖脈學 (“Teachings on Pulse Diagnosis”)
  • Qí Jīng Bā Mài Kǎo奇經八脈考 (“An Exposition on the  Eight Extraordinary Vessels“)

To the present day Li Shizhen’s teachings on pulse diagnosis serve as a basic textbook. In addition, a fundamental paradigm shift in the tradition of Chinese medicine is attributed to him, as he changed the old concept that the heart houses shen 神 and for the first time and officially made the brain the residence of mind and thinking. In doing so, he integrated alchemical experiences into medical thinking and approached the ideas of Western medicine.

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Li, the Fire

Modern Interpretation: Clear discernment, purification, separation

Li (the fire) stands for our ability to differentiate facts, influences, emotions – in short: the world’s fullness. Without this ability to separate the “clear from the unclear”, we would be lost in a chaos of diversities. Only by differentiation, thus distinguishing what is important and what is not, we can concentrate on the essentials and are able to act.

Phase Element: Fire
Functional Circuit: Small Intestine (SI)

Read more: I Ching Study Guide: Li, the Fire